A synthesis essay is a common but critical assignment that helps students to express their thoughts constructively. The main idea of a synthesis essay is to digest much information and produce a general idea of it focusing on the major categories, ideas, and points. This skill is useful in every field of human life. You learn to take the most important information from the text or a group of books and abstract them in your words. Find out how to write an excellent synthesis essay following these guidelines.
- Step One: Choose the Right Topic and Sources. You will never be able to analyze a broad topic and present it in several paragraphs. Although one can find more information about general topics, it is easier to explain small issues. Furthermore, this presentation will be more accurate and professional. When you choose the proper topic, start to collect information about it. Reading several books of the renowned authors will be smart. Bear in mind that you should avoid using out-of-date sources that will only mislead you. Thus, focus on three or five authors and analyze their opinion about the chosen problem. While reading the source, make notes to remember every important argument and counterargument.
- Step Two: Create a Thesis Statement. When you know your sources about the particular topic, you will have your general opinion about it. You will be familiar with its major categories and points. Thus, you can form a solid thesis statement that will illustrate your point of view and reflect your attitude towards it. A thesis statement should look like a complete sentence that can be supported or refuted. When you brainstorm your thesis statement, reread your sources and write down every idea, thought, and quotation that supports your argument. It is vital to support your thesis with arguments whereas it is the ‘heart’ of your essay. Without the solid reasons, your thesis statement will be worthless.
- Step Three: Make a Detailed Outline. You will not complete a successful synthesis essay if you do not plan it logically. Bear in mind that every essay should consist of three sections: introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. Write down every idea and thought and planned its location in the text. Placing less relevant arguments at the very beginning is wise. Notable cases placed at the end always look persuasively and remain in the reader’s memory.
- Step Four: Write the Introduction. This section makes the reader acquainted with the chosen topic. You ought to place your thesis statement and any essay questions to let the reader know what you are writing about. Furthermore, prove the relevance of the problem and say how many authors researched it before you. You can also mention the authors whose works analyzed.
- Step Five: Complete the Main body. This chapter is the most important one since it contains your entire research. Remember that the quality of your synthesis essay depends on the number of sources that have been used for analysis. If you have chosen only one source for the discussion of each point of your problem, the quality of such an essay will be poor. Several articles should analyze every idea. In this case, the objectiveness of your synthesis will be high. Start your first body paragraph from the first point or essay question. Express your overall opinion about it. Then, mention several authors and their articles and their views about it. Say whether your ideas are similar or different. It will be even better to introduce a few writers whose opinions are entirely the opposite ones. Here you have a brilliant chance to criticize them. Organize the following paragraphs (and new ideas) similarly. You must write about every new point in a new paragraph. It will be easier to read your synthesis essay if you organize it in such a way.
- Step Six: Conclude Your Synthesis Essay. When you are through with the analysis of your topic, you can complete your essay. Say whether the thesis statement is still relevant after your research. Mention the authors and their articles that you have used for essay writing. Is your point of view similar to their opinion about the problem under analysis? In what way can one investigate the topic deeper? What can other related subtopics be analyzed in future?