‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ by Harper Lee is one of the most outstanding and well-known American novels of all time. This book touches upon numerous social issues that determine the principles of modern civilization. You will find information about the Great Depression, family issues, criminal justice, racism, social inequality, etc. This novel is read in every school in the majority of countries. Thus, students have to prepare essays about it. Undoubtedly, many students find this assignment challenging and difficult. If you want to complete your successful To Kill a Mockingbird essay effectively, you can take advantage of these guidelines. They will provide you with a good hook to start your essay professionally.
Step One: Touch upon the Issues of Justice and Fairness. It is vital to observe the novel from all sides; therefore, you can analyze it from several angles. The first subcategory of your analysis is the problem of justice and fairness. Although no one could provide the judge with the right evidence, Tom Robinson, an African American man was accused of the crime he did not commit. He was accused of raping a white young woman, Mayella Ewell. Her father, Bob Ewell, was sure that Tom Robinson raped his daughter and he brought this case to court. Bear in mind that the action takes place in the 1930s. At that time, African Americans were still treated negatively. They were considered second-rate people who could not do anything good to the society. Such stereotypes ruined the entire meaning of justice and fairness at that time. When there was a crime, the most obvious suspect was any African American person. In case of Tom Robinson, no one required any evidence to prove his guilt inasmuch as a black person was a priori a criminal. Therefore, you can focus on the problem of racism and absence of justice and fairness from the point of view of history of the USA.
Step Two: Dwell on the Problem of Discrimination. It is easy to find at least several examples of racial discrimination in To Kill a Mockingbird. The foremost victim of discrimination is Tom Robinson who suffers from offensive and unfair abuse and accusations. When Tom received a lawyer who managed to defend him, the crowd could not agree to this solution. They wanted to steal Tom from his cell and lynch him. Finally, the man was found guilty though there was no evidence of his guilt. Moreover, the entire family of Atticus Finch suffers from persecution whereas he defends Tom Robinson from the unfair accusations. His children, Scout and Jem feel psychological abuse on their skin.
Step Three: Write about Moral Development of Scout and Jem. It is newsworthy to observe the problem of injustice and discrimination from the point of view of children. Scout and Jem are the children of the lawyer Atticus Finch. Since the family lived in a small town, every citizen of Maycomb knew that Atticus defended a ‘black rapist’. This news was shocking to everyone. Why should an intelligent white man protect a black criminal? When one does not understand something, he hates it. No wonder, Atticus was persecuted for his views and morality. He strived to be an honest lawyer and received many enemies. Bob Ewell was one of them. Unluckily, Scout and Jem were attacked at school by their mates for the same reason. They were called the children of a ‘nigger-lover’. Scout wanted to defend the honor of her father. She tried even to fight but Atticus prohibited such actions of his children. Children observed the development of the case and lost their faith into justice. They understood that one should struggle for truth. Tom was found guilty though everyone realized that he was not. Scout and Jem could not understand this fact.
Step Four: Analyze the Character of Atticus Finch. Atticus Finch is supposed to be one of the brightest characters in literature for his morality and invincibility of his views. You can devote solid space of your essay to this character. Think about the reason of his behavior and his influence on the improvement of our society. Can such strong personalities change something?
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