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Essay on Napoleon Bonaparte and French Revolution

The Great War illuminated the genius of Napoleon Bonaparte. As in the previous century, France was represented as a serious threat to the other European countries, which made them unite in the struggle against France. At this time the war progressed differently. French revolution had many supporters, but they were not part of the government and did not control the armed forces of their countries. And yet, going to war alone, forcibly isolated, as if struck by a plague, France not only beat back the united forces of the enemy, which was about to crush it, but after the revolution it was a serious military threat to the rest of Europe and eventually became the ruler of most of its part. The key to explain such growth might be found in the combination of favorable conditions and stimulating factors in France at the time.

These factors and conditions have been created with the revolutionary spirit of the national armies of France. This spirit has made ​​ pedantic drill impossible; it gave a will and desire to develop the skills and initiative in the individual. As a result, a new flexible tactics was developed.

Another favorable condition was the division of the army into separate division, which, acting independently, could interact with each other to achieve a common goal.

The third condition is related to the previous one, consisted in the fact that a chaotic system of supply and weak discipline in the revolutionary army of France was forced to return to the old practice of allowances from local resources. Army division to the division meant that the practice of supply has less effect on the fighting capacity of the army than before. If before the various army units had to be preassembled together before using them for the operation, now each of them was to carry out its task on their own, providing themselves with food.

Moreover, as a result French troops increased their mobility as they can move more freely in the mountainous and wooded terrain. Since the French troops could not hope to receive food and clothing from their warehouses and military transports, hungry and poorly uniformed French soldiers were forced to attack the rear of the enemy, who had such direct forms of supply and depended on them.

In addition to these conditions, critical role was played be the personality of the commander Napoleon Bonaparte, whose military capabilities were developed through the study of military history and even more thanks to reflections on the theories of Bursa and Guibert, the most outstanding and original military thinkers of the XVIII century.

Studying Bursa Napoleon learned the principle of deliberate dispersal of forces in order to compel the enemy to disperse his forces. Napoleon then again quickly concentrated his forces, while the enemy continued to be scattered. In addition, he has correctly assessed the plan, which has several options, and action direction, which can be created by the simultaneous threat to multiple objects.