Cloning is one of the most controversial areas of modern science. Supporters of the research in this area suggests new possibilities for medicine, opponents believe cloning dangerous and immoral.
So why do the opponents believe that human cloning is wrong?
If the process of cell division, resulting from cloning (including for therapeutic purposes), does not stop at the 14 days limit, and the embryo is placed in the woman’s uterus, the embryo becomes a fetus and in later on the child. Thus, in certain circumstances, the “therapeutic” cloning could turn into “reproductive.” Some experts are already trying to use cloning biotechnology, for example, for the treatment of infertility childless families by cloning the infertile parents. About it was in particular much said by the infamous Italian professor Severino Antinori, an American professor Panos Zavos and others.
Since that time, scientists have considered the question of cloning from different sides. Isolated and those other, methodological and technological challenges that lie in the field of cloning higher mammals. There are also some ethical issues: for in human cloning each “failed clone” would be a handicap, but a full-fledged person, and virtually all humanity will be responsible for its disability, says Knowledge is power magazine.
I know that the United States are now not engaged in any form in experiments on human cloning. I do not think we are ready for it, it is a very dangerous thing. We are not in any case consider the possible such risky experiments. However, the studies in particular, on the organs reproduction will continue, at least to understand what can be achieved in this field of science.
As for the cloning of human beings, this sensitive issue from the point of view of the change of mentality. Still today humanity is not ready to full extent. The experiments in such area as cloning implies serious responsibility. Attempts to use the latest advance technology in genetics to harm others are an example of the ambiguous consequences of scientific progress. Against the background of such processes, the responsibility of the state, as a body, which controls the application of scientific technology, sharply increases.
Currently, the cloning of human embryos is banned in the United States and Japan. For the last year in the World Health Organization there was a struggle between the two camps. One of them led by the United States, who advocated a total ban on cloning. On the other side were the EU countries, which insisted on the further study of cloning for different kinds of treatment.
Perhaps the only developed country where the cloning of human embryos is not forbidden, is the United Kingdom. Following the adoption of such a decision in 2001, it was challenged in court. However, the government filed an appeal, which was granted. Since March 2002, the cloning in the UK is allowed, though in this case there are a number of limitations, which, however, does not interfere with the experiments, but limits the unwanted effects.